Trypillian Civilization Tour

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Dr. Mykhailo Videiko

SETTLEMENTS OF THE TRYPILLIA CULTURE IN UKRAINE

A SHORT GUIDE

There are known more than 2000 Trypillia culture settlements in Ukraine. All they are dated from 5400 – 2750 B.C. More than two hundreds of them were explored by archaeologists in XIX – XX centuries. We describe only 95 the most interesting sites and places from the West to the East – from Prut and Dniestr to Dnipro rivers.

PRUT

1.  Shipintsi

Kicman distict Chernivtsi region.

This Trypillia culture settlement is situated to the north of the village, on the left bank of the Prut river. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C. Excavated by J. Shombathy, R. Kindle, F. Volkov, O. Kandyba and T. Passek in XIX – XX c. They discovered ruins of houses and earthenware – houses, traces of ceramics. In 1938 O. Kandyba published collection of beautiful painted pottery. 
Collections from Shipintsi are kept in museums of Chernivtsi and Vienna.

DNIESTR

1.  Bilche Zolote, settlements and Verteba cave

Borchshiv distict Khmelnitski reg.

There are known four Trypillia sites here. Two-level settlement of the Middle and the Late periods are situated at the central part of the village, in the garden (tract “Ogrod”) of the old prince Sapiega’s palace. It was excavated by E. Pavlovich, G. Ossovski and I. Sveshnikov. There were found a large number of pottery, flint knives, copper artifacts, clay figurines, were explored remains of houses.

There is karst cave “Verteba” where was found the Trypillia cemetery. Cave is located in the field near the village. The wonderful cave labyrinth is more than 8 km long. There is situated settlement of the Late period near the cave. Excavated in XIX – XX c. by A. Kirkor, G. Ossovski, V. Demetrykevich, O. Kandyba, I. Sveshnikov, M. Sokhatskij. Archaeologists found in the cave a bone plate that has punctuated silhouette of the Goddess that became a symbol of Trypillia. Dated up to the middle of IV mil. B.C. 

In 1956 I. Sveshnikov and G. Vlasova discovered settlement of the Late period near the bridge, opposite the old entrance to Verteba. The fourth settlement, discovered by I. Sveshnikov in 1956, is located in 6 km to the north of the village, in Kaduby tract. Dated to the first part of IV mil. BC.

The main collection of  Trypillia painted pottery from Bilche (more than 300 different vessels) and figurines now are available in Krakow archaeological museum (Poland). Some materials are kept in Lviv Historical Museum and in Borschiv district museum.

2.  Koshilivtsi, “Koshilivtsi – Oboz” settlement

Zalischiki distict Ternopil region.

There were discovered remains of few houses and graves that belong to the Late Trypillia settlement in the place called “Oboz”(“camp”) that situated near the village, on the right bank of the Jurin river. Excavated by A. Shneider, R. Kindl, K. Hadachek, G. Childe, Yu. Kostrzhewsky, L. Kozlovsky, Yu. Zakharuk, P. Kravets and other archaeologists in XIX – XX c. Painted pottery and figurines that were found there now are kept in many museums – from Moscow and Kyiv to Krakow and Oxford. Dated up to the middle IV mil. B.C.

There are many other places of ancient settlements near Koshilivtsi that belongs to Neolithic, Trypillia, Bronze Age, and also graves of Early Bronze Age.

3.  Zhvanets

Kamyanets – Podilski distict Khmelnitsky reg.

The Late Trypillia settlement is situated opposite ruins of the medieval fortress near the village of Zhvanets in place called “Schovb”. It is located on a high dune washed from three sides by Zhvanchyk and Karmelitka rivers. A part of the settlement was destroyed because of quarry. T.G. Movsha explored the settlement in 60 – 70 th of XX c.

The ditch protected this settlement on the field side. The front side of the earth bank and the ditch were paved with large stone flags. There was explored a production complex, consisting of two level furnaces and places for clay mixing. It was situated outside the boundaries of the settlement, on a plateau. The furnaces laid in three rows over the slope of the dune. Also there were excavated ancient houses and ceramics. Mainly, there were table, painted vessels, semi-spherical plates, pots, and vessels with conic mouth. The painting is performed in black and red color. Ornamental compositions consist of semi-ovals, strips. There are drawn compositions of images of people and animals in the middle of ovals and semi ovals. Dated up to the end of IV mil. B.C.

Several Trypillia settlements of the Middle and the Late periods were found on the banks of the Karmelitka river.

Collection from Zhvanets is exhibited in the National museum of History of Ukraine, in Kyiv.

4.  Luka Vrublivetska

Kamyanets – Podilski distict Khmelnitsky reg.

Ancient village was situated on the right bank of Dnister, near village Vrublivtsi. Seven earth - houses were explored here by S. Bibikov in 1945 – 1950. It was the first Early Trypillia site excavated in Ukraine. There was gathered interesting collection of clay figurines. Dated up to the first part V mil. B.C.

Remains of Chernyakhivska culture also were explored in this place. There are known Paleolothic site near the village.

Collections from Luka Vrublivetska are exhibited in Archaeological museum in Kyiv and Ermitage (St.- Petersburg).

5.  Nezvisko

Obertyn distict Ivano – Frankivsk region .

Multi-layer settlement is situated on the right bank of Dnister. Excavated by L. Kozlovski in 1926 and K. Chernysh in 1951 – 1954. They explored levels, dated from Neolithic to the beginning of II mil. A.D. ( Kyiv Rus).  Two horizons of the Trypillia culture were found on the depth of 1,6 – 2,9 m from surface. Remains of dwellings and pits were explored on the area about 1200 sq.m. The first Trypillia level, with pottery, decorated with polychrome painting and incised lines, dated up to the second part of V mil. B.C. The next horizon, with pottery, decorated with red and black painting, is dated to the end of V mil. or to the beginning of IV mil. B.C.  K. Chernysh explored in Nezvisko the grave of the Trypillia culture with painted bowl. Traces of Trypillia copper metallurgy was found in the second Trypillia horizon.

Collection from Nezvisko is exhibited in Ivano-Frankivsk regional museum.

6.  Bernashivka

Murovani.- Kurylivtsi distict Vinnitsa region.

Settlement of the Early Trypillia culture is situated near the estuary of the Zhvan river, on the small hill in Dnister valley. Excavated by V. Zbenovich in 1972 – 1975, who explored 6 of 7 houses. It is the oldest of known Trypillia settlements in Ukraine and dated up to the second part of VI mil. B.C. (according to isotope dates).

Settlement of the Late period was excavated in another place near the village. V. Zbenovich and O. Kolesnikov explored dwellings and pits with a large amount of painted pottery. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

There are also discovered settlement and cemetery of Iron Age and Chernyakhivska culture near Bernashivka.

Collection from Bernashivka is exhibited in Archaeological museum in Kyiv.

7.  Zalishchyki

Zalishchyki, Ternopil  region.

             There are known three settlements of the Trypillia culture. One of them is located in the central part of the town, on the left bank of the Dniester. Discovered in 1927. Dated to the second part of IV mil. B.C. Another settlement of the same period was explored on the territory of brickwork by G. Ossovski (1880), T. Sulimirski, J. Zhurowski (1930) and O. Kandyba. They excavated remains of burnt houses and found beautiful painted polychrome pottery. Collections from these excavations are kept in museums of Lviv, Kremenets and Zalishchyki. Settlement in tract Ushchilivka was explored by Yu. Maleev in 1970, who discovered here relicts of the Trypillia, Early Iron Age and VI – VII c. A.D. Collection are kept in Kyiv University.

8.  Buchach

Buchach, Ternopil region.

Settlement of the Trypillia culture is situated in Fedir tract. Excavated by L. Kozlovski in 1922 on the area of 250 sq.m. He explored four earth-houses and found two levels – of the Middle and the Late Trypillia and gathered a large number of pottery, flint and stone tools, clay figurines. Dated up to the second part of V – first part of IV mil. B.C. 

Materials of digs are in Lviv Historical Museum.

9.  Darabany

Khotin distict Chernivtsi region.

Two-level Trypillia settlement is located in Zamchysko tract, to the west of the village. The lower horizon dated to the middle of V mil. and the  upper one – to the end of IV mil. B.C. The later settlement was fortified with ditch and rampart.

Materials are kept in Chernivtsi Regional Museum and Funds of the Institute of Archaeology (Kyiv)

VOLHYNIA

1.  Bodaky

Zbarash distict Ternopil reg.

There are known two settlements of the Trypillia culture. Bodaky-I is situated in Chorna Krinitsa tract on the high bank of the Goryn river. Excavated by O. Cynkalowski (1939), M. Makarevich (1940), Yu. Zakharuk and  K. Chernysh (1952 –54), N. Skakun ( 1991 – 1998). They explored remains of burnt houses, pottery and flint workshops. Inhabitants of settlement produced a large number of flint tools such are blades and flat axes for exchange. Dated to the beginning of IV mil. B.C. 

Bodaky-II is located to the south of the village, on the right bank of the Goryn river. Discovered by O. Cynkalowski in 1938, who gathered fragments of painted pottery. Dated to the beginning of IV mil. B.C. 

Collections from Bodaky are kept in museums of Kremenets, Lviv and St. Petersburg.

2.  Sandraky

Khmilnik distr, Vinnitsa region

The settlement is situated behind the eastern border of Sandraky village, on the high cape dune, presently known as Pagurok. Its area is 0,4 ha. In 1949-1950 it was explored by O. Lagodovska . Dated up to the beginning of III mil. B.C.

Remains of three epochs were discovered in cross-section: 17-18 century, Bronze Age, Trypillia CII.

Materials are stored in the scientific funds of the Institute of Archeology (Kyiv).

3. Troyaniv

Zhytomir region

The settlement is located on a high dune of the right bank of the Gnylopiatka river. It has shape of a peninsula. In 1956-58 M. Shmaglij excavated the remains of 35 Trypillia dwellings of different types. During archaeological digs in Troyaniv there was traced specifics of dwelling location in the settlement. Dwellings were arranged in two circles, fortifying cape on the field side. Dated up to the second part of IV mil. B.C.

Materials are stored in the scientific funds of the Institute of Archeology (Kyiv).

SOUTH  BUG

1. Sabatinivka

Ul’anivski distict Kirovograd region

There are two the Trypillia culture settlements (of the Early and the Middle periods) near this village. Settlement of the Early Trypilla culture (Sabatinivka-II) is situated to the north of the village, on the right bank of the Synitsya river. It was excavated by M. Makarevih and V. Danilenko in 1947-49. They explored three houses and pits. In house No3 they found many clay figurines and “thrones” for them. M. Makarevich reconstructed this house as Trypillian sanctuary. Dated up to the beginning of V mil. B.C.

Settlement of Middle  Trypillia (Sabatinivka-I) is dated up to the middle of  V mil. B.C. with the Late Bronze horizon above (end of II mil. BC). It is situated near the village, on the bank of the Bug river.

Collection from Sabatinivka-II exhibited in Archaeological museum in Kyiv.

2.  Berezivka

Ul’anivski distict Kirovograd region.

This settlement is situated on the cape of the left bank of the Bug river, near ruins of hydroelectric power station, in 5 km from Zavallia village. This place was explored by V. Danilenko,  V. Tsibeskov, O. Tsvek, who explored the square about 10000 sq.m and discovered ruins of  more than 20 houses and earth-houses with  a large amount of  the beautiful pottery and clay figurines. They also found traces of trade relations between ancient inhabitants of Berezivka and Balkans and Steppe communities dated from the middle of V mil. B.C. V. Danilenko discovered two settlements of Neolithic period close to this place.

Collection from Berezivka is exhibited in Archaeological museum in Kyiv.

3. Mogilna

Gaivoron  distict Kirovograd region .

In 50-th of XX c. I. Gasiuk discovered  four settlements of the Early Trypillia  culture near this village, on the bank of the Mogilyanka river and its tributaries. One of them, Mogilna-III (90000 sq.m, about 120 houses) is situated on the bank of the creek close to Zhakchik khutor, and it was one of the largest settlements of this period in South-East Europe. On the ground surface of this place you can find fragments of pottery, clay figurines, ancient flint tools. Dated up to the first part V mil. B.C.

4.  Gaivoron

Gaivoron  distict Kirovograd region.

The large ancient settlement was situated on the territory of the town of Gaivoron on the bank of the Bug River, near the railway bridge. Settlement was explored by V.Danilenko and M.Makarevich in 1960. It was one of the first places on the banks of the Bug river settled by the Trypillia culture people. Opposite to this place,  on the islands, V.Danilenko discovered settlements of the Neolithic period.

Dated up to the first part V mil. B.C.

Collection from Gaivoron is exhibited in Archaeological museum in Kyiv.

5. Klishchiv

Tyvriv distict Vinnitsa region.

Ancient settlement is situated in 0,5 km to the South from the village on cape of the right bank of the Bug river. Was excavated by I. Zaets in 1969 -1980. This settlement occupied area about 7 ha and included 46 houses. There were found more than 500 wonderful vessels, decorated with incised and painted ornament. Klishchiv located on a frontier of “Western” and “Eastern” Trypillia tribes and such a location was reflected in local culture, mainly in pottery. Dated up to the end of V mil. B.C.

Collection of pottery and other artifacts from Klishchiv are exhibited in Vinnitsa regional museum and Art Gallery in Vinnitsa..

TERRITORY BETWEEN SOUTH BUG AND DNIPRO

1.  Popudnia

Uman distict Cherkasy region

It was one of the first Trypillia culture settlements, excavated in this region. Explored in 1911 by M. Himner, who discovered 40 houses in this region. Total area of settlement is approximately 40 ha. There M. Himner found many painted pottery and clay model of house in ruins of dwellings. Thanks to this model now we know the inner order of the Trypillia houses; in the left corner of the room was large furnace, close to another wall there was clay bench with vessels. Dated up to the beginning of the IV mil. B.C.

Collection from Popudnia now is in Archaeological museum in Warsaw (Poland).

2.  Dobrovody

Uman distict Cherkasy region

The Trypillia culture settlement is situated partly on the territory of the village and partly in the field. Total area, according to topographic interpretation by K. Shishkin, is about 2,5 sq.km. From the airphoto we can see fortified city with blocks and streets. Explored by M. Shmaglij and T. Movsha in 1974-1984. They discovered remains of five large two-storied dwellings. Settlement in Dobrovody was one of thirty largest Trypillia “protocities”, which were discovered in this region. Dated up to the first part of the IV mil. B.C.

Collections from digs in Dobrovody are in Cherkasy regional museum and Institute of archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

3. Tallianki

Talne distict Cherkasy region

It was the largest settlement of Trypillia  “protocities”. It is situated in the field between two villages – Legedzine and Tallianki, along the road Uman – Cherkasy.  Settlement was 3,5 km long and 1,3 km wide. Total square is approximately 450 ha, there are up to 2700 dwellings, located in oval structures, streets and blocks. V. Kruts, during the archaeological digs started from 1981, partly discovered two streets, remains of 26 two-storied houses. It was the largest settlement of Europe in Neolithic. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

There were explored barrows (kurhans) with graves of Yamna culture (the middle of III mil. BC) and some graves of the Late Bronze Age on the territory of settlement.

Collections from excavations in Talianki are exhibited in Cherkasy regional museum, Museum of Agriculture in Talne and Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

4.  Maydanets

Talne distict Cherkasy region

There are two the Trypillia culture settlements near this village.

The first settlement, from the Early period, is situated in place, which is called “Grebenyukiv Yar”, close to outskirts along the road from Talne to Novo-Arkhangelsk. Total area is about 2 ha. Settlement was partly excavated by M. Shmaglij and N. Burdo in 1981-1989. They discovered remains of three dwellings and two earth-houses. Dated up to the end of VI - beginning of the V mil. B.C.

                Another settlement located to the west of village, on the left bank of the Tallianka river. Total area is approximately 250 ha. Settlement was oval in plan, 1.5 km long and 1.1 km wide. According to magnetic plan there are remains of 1575 houses. Near 50 different objects were dig by M. Shmaglij and his colleagues in 1971 - 1991. They discovered remains of two-storied dwellings, fortifications, sanctuaries, unique collection of painted pottery and figurines. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

            On the territory of the settlement were explored two burrows with 8 graves of Yamna culture (the middle of III mil. B.C.). There were found remains of the Cherniakhivska culture settlement (IV c. A.D.) near the village, in Geliv Stav tract.

            In the beginning of 90-th in Maydanets local Museum was organized. Here you can see panorama of ancient Trypillia city reconstructed on the base of archaeological data, and some finds from its territory.

Collections from digs in Maydanets are in Cherkasy regional museum, Museum of  Agriculture in  Talne, National museum of History of Ukraine,   and Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

6.  Yatranivka

Uman distict Cherkasy region.

The large Trypillia settlement is situated in 1,5 km to south of Yatranivka, on the left bank of the Yatran river. Total area is about 50 ha. Settlement (according to magnetic analysis) was triangular in plan and strongly fortified on the field side. In central part there were streets and blocks. Was discovered in 50th by V. Stefanovich and Yu. Hraban, explored by archaeologists from Kyiv in 70th. There were found many fragments of painted pottery and clay figurines on the ground surface. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C. On the bank of the Yatran river traces of settlement, dated to IV c. AD (Cherniakhivska culture) also were found.

Collections of finds from Yatranivka are in Uman museum and Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

7.  Sushkivka

Uman distict Cherkasy region.

The Trypillia culture settlement situated close to the village, on the hill of the left bank of the Yatran river. Total area is about 100 ha. On airphoto we can see traces of fortifications – two long ditches. Explored by V. Kozlovska in 1916-1926. She excavated remains of two-storied buildings. The most known artifacts from this site are: the clay model if Trypillian dwelling with details of interior and collection of anthropomorphous figurines.  Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

There are also five barrows, dated by Early Bronze Age and settlement of  Cherniakhivska culture in this place.

  Collections of finds from Sushkivka are in Uman museum and National museum of History of Ukraine in Kyiv.

8. Vilkhivets

Uzvenigorodka distict Cherkasy region.

The Trypillia culture settlement is situated in 1,5 km from the village, by the road to Ryzhanivka. Total are is about 120 ha, and there are approximately 650 houses. Settlement (according to magnetic analysis) was oval in plan, with blocks in central part. Discovered by V. Stefanovich, explored by M. Videiko in 1993. He explored remains of large two-storied dwelling. Dated up to the beginning of III mil. B.C. It was one of the last Trypillia cities in area between the Bug and the Dnipro. On the area of settlement pottery of Scythians ( VI-V  c. A.D.) also was found. There is another Trypillia settlement (from the Middle period) on another side of Vikkhivets.

Collection of finds from Yatranivka is in Funds of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

9.  Vesioly Kut

Talne distict Cherkasy region

Settlement of the Trypillia culture is situated near the village, on the opposite bank of the Girskij Tikich river. It occupied the high hill on the territory of 150 ha. Excavated by O. Tsvek in 1968 – 1982. She explored remains of dwellings and houses of craftsman. Two of them produced pottery, another one made stone tools.  Settlement near Vesioly Kut was one of the first Trypillia culture “cities” on the territory between the Bug and the Dnipro rivers.

Dated up to the end of V mil. B.C.

On the territory of the settlement O. Tsvek explored barrow with graves, dated to the Early Bronze Age and found fragments of Scythian pottery (VI-V c. BC).

Collection of finds from Yatranivka is partly exhibited in Archaeological museum (Kyiv). Most of finds are kept in Funds of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

10.  Tomashivka

Talne distict Cherkasy region

The large Trypillia culture settlement is partly located on the territory of the village. Total area is about 250 ha. Explored by P. Kurinnyj in 1925-1926. He excavated remains of houses with large amount of pottery. Sometimes painted dishes, seted in pyramids were found!  In one house P. Kurinnyi found clay conical mould for pottery. Settlement dated up to the middle of IV mil. B.C.

                On this territory also pottery of Cherniakhivska culture (III – IV c. A.D.) and roman coins were found.

Collections of finds from Sushkivka are exhibited in Uman museum and National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

11.  Volodymyrivka

Novo - Arkhangelsk distict Kirovograd region

Settlement of the Trypillia culture is situated to the south of the village, on the right bank of the Sinyukha river. Total area is approximately 70 ha. Excavated in XX c. by V. Kozlovska, T. Passek and O. Yakubenko. They explored remains of 17 different dwellings, most of them were two-storied, with living room on the second floor. V. Kozlovska excavated a clay model of temple, decorated with red, black and white paint and small clay figurine – portrait of old woman. T. Passek and O. Yakubenko found many beautiful Trypillia vessels and figurines in this place. Dated up to the beginning of IV mil. B.C.

Paleolithic and Neolithic sites also were found and excavated by V. Danilenko and O. Chernysh in 60-th near Volodymyrivka.

Collections of finds from Volodymyrivka are exhibited in Uman museum and National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

12.  Gordashivka

Tal’ne distict Cherkasy region.

The large Trypillia settlement is located on the territory of the village and in the field. Total area is approximately 130 ha. Excavated by M. Shmaglij and V. Shumova.  They explored remains of two houses and gathered interesting collection of pottery, decorated with paint and incised ornament. Dated up to the beginning of IV mil. B.C. There are known three small (2-10 ha) Trypillia settlements in the fields close to Gordashivka village.

Paleolithic site (was explored by M.Gladkikh) and Chernyakhivska culture settlements also were found on the territory and outskirts of the village.

Finds from Gordashivka are kept in Uman museum and Funds of the Institute of Archaeology Nas of Ukraine.

13.  Talne

Talne town, Cherkasy region.

Talne-1, the large Trypillia settlement, is situated on the territory of the town, opposite to the market. It occupied area approximately 40 ha on the right bank of the Gnilyi Tikich river. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C. In 1990, V. Kruts and M. Videiko explored two small settlements (Talne-2 and -3) that are in 3 km to the east, on the bank of creek near gas compressor plant. They excavated here remains of seven houses. According to their opinion these settlements belonged to Maydanets “city” and dated to the same period – the first part of IV mil. B.C.

There are also known the Chernyakhivska culture settlements and Medieval settlement on the territory of Talne. The Count Shuvalovs' lodge (beginning of XX c.) that is Museum of History Agriculture now, located in the old park on the picturesque riverbank. This museum has an impressive collection of Trypillia antiquities that are mainly from different sites in Cherkasy region.

14.  Nebelivka

Novo-Arkhangelsk distict Kirovograd region

The Trypillia culture settlement is situated in the field between Nebelivka and Oksanino villages. Total area is approximately 300 ha. From airphoto we know that it was oval in plan, with blocks and streets in central part. Explored by M. Shmaglij in 1981. He found a beautiful  “set”, composed of five small painted vessels and two bowls. Dated up to the beginning of IV mil. B.C.

There also was found pottery of the Chernyakhivska culture near the village, to the southeast, on the banks of the creek. There are located 6 barrows in the fields near Nebelivka.

Collection of finds from Nebelivka is exhibited in Museum of the History of Agriculture in Talne. Most of other finds are kept in Uman museum and Funds of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

15.  Glybochok

Talne distict Cherkasy region.

The Trypillia culture settlement is situated to the west of the village on plateau, in Shkilne tract. Total area is approximately 200 ha. Excavated in 1899 by V. Domanitskyi and in 1984-1995 by S. Ryzhov. Dwellings were arranged in two ovals as it is seen from airphoto by K. Shyshkin. Fortified entrance, blocks and street are visible from magnetic plan by V. Dudkin. Diameter of the external oval is 1000 m, internal diameter is approximately 800 m. Distance between ovals is from 800 to 100 m. Totally there were more than 1000 houses. S. Ryzhov explored two of them. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

Collections of finds from Glybochok are in Museum of the History of Agriculture in Talne and People Museum in Legedzine. Some finds are kept in Funds of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv).

 

DNIPRO

1. Trypillia

Obukhiv  distict Kyiv region

It is eponymous place for Copper Age archeological culture. In 1897-1899, V.Khvoika explored sites near the town with remains of burnt clay and molded pottery, decorated with incised and painted ornament. He proved it as a separate archaeological culture in his report on XI Archaeological Congress (Kyiv, August of 1899).

            Remains of two settlements are located between the town of Trypillia and village of Khalepie, on the bank of the Bobritsa river. Another settlement is located on plateau between Ukrainka town and Trypillia village.

            The central part of the town occupied the high hill on the right bank of the Dnipro river. In X c. AD there was built city Trepol, that was mentioned in annals of Kyiv Rus; in XV-XVII c. there was built castle in this place. Now there is Archaeological Museum of Kyiv region (1996).

  Collections of finds from V. Khvoika’s digs are exhibited in National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

2.  Veremiya

Obukhiv  distict Kyiv region

There are eight Trypillia settlements near this village. On the territory of the village V. Khvoika in 1897-1899 explored remains of the Trypillia culture settlement. Dated up to the second part of V mil. B.C. Another three settlements were excavated to the south of Veremiya, in Dovjok, Lysky and Taburyshche tracts, on the plateau of right  bank of  the Bobritsa river. Dated to the first part of IV mil. B.C. Four small Trypillia settlements are located in fields between Veremiya and Zhukivtsi.

  Collections of finds from archaeological digs near Veremiya are exhibited in National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

3. Shcherbanivka

Obukhiv  distict Kyiv region

There are three Trypillia culture settlements near Shcherbanivka. The first, explored by V. Khvoika, is situated on the left bank of the Krasnaya river. It was one of the first settlements of Trypillia people in Dnipro region, dated now up to the second part of V mil. B.C. Trypillians produced pottery with incised decoration. Painted pottery they imported from the western Trypillia regions. Another settlements are located in Shyroke and Dolyna tracts on plateau between Shcherbanivka, Dolyna and Zhukivtsi. They were explored by Trypilska expedition in 1934-1935.

Collections of finds from digs near Shcherbanivka are exhibited in National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

4. Khalepie (Kolomyjschina)

Obukhiv  distict Kyiv region

Eight Trypillia culture sites are known near Khalepie village. Two of them, in Kolomyjshchina tract, are one of the best explored. This places were discovered by V. Khvoika, but the main excavations were provided by archaeologists from Kyiv (S. Magura, V. Petrov, M. Makarevitch, N. Kordysh, K. Korshak), Moscow (T. Passek) and Leningrad (E. Krichevsky) who worked in Trypilska expedition between 1934 and 1939.

            Kolomyjschina tract is situated to the south of the village, not far from the road to Rzhyschiv. In Kolomyjschina-I tract expedition excavated 37 houses, which constituted circle with three dwellings in the central part. The largest of them were 6 m wide and 20 m long. This settlement dated up to the middle of IV mil. B.C. There also were explored six similar houses of settlement in Kolomyjschina-II tract. This settlement is dated to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

            Another settlements are located to the south on plateau over the Svirch river (Grushova, Sheremetiv Kut, Zholudivka and other tracts). They are dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

Collections of finds from excavations near Khalepie are exhibited in National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

5. Grebeni

Kagarlyk  distict Kyiv region

Six Trypillia culture sites are known near Grebeni village. In August of 1899 delegates of XI Archaeological Congress visited places of digs that V. Khvoika organized near Grebeni. In 1960-1964, Trypillia expedition from Kyiv, led by S. Bibikov explored remains of 26 houses in tract Vasylishin Yar (500 m to the north, near the road Trypillia – Rzhyshchiv). This settlement is dated to the first part of IV mil. B.C., the same time that Kolomyjschina-II.

Another Trypillia culture settlement was discovered in the central part of Grebeni, and now it is destroyed. Four settlements are situated to the south of Grebeni, in Vynogradne, Yancha (two settlements) and Popova Levada tracts. They are dated up to the first part – middle of IV mil. B.C.

Pottery of the Chernyakhivska culture was found on the territory of Vasylishin Yar and Yancha-I tracts. In the central part of Grebeni and in tract Vynogradne are traces of Early Slavs settlements (approx. VIII c. A.D.). Fortified site of Zarubinetska culture occupied high hill on the right bank of Dnipro, opposite to Trypillia settlement in Vynogradne tract. A large barrow cemetery of IX – XI c. is located below this fortress. You can visit Museum in the center of Grebeni village.

Collections from digs near Grebeni are exhibited in Archaeological Museum in Kyiv.

6. Yushki

Kagarlyk  distict Kyiv region

The Trypillia settlement is on the territory of the village, in “Kuryache Pole” tract. Total area is approximately 2 ha. First excavations were carried by V.Khvoika. Dated to the beginning of IV mil. B.C. Another settlement in “Zhurivka” tract located in 3 km to the west of Yushki, near the field road to Zikrachi. Total area is about 5 ha. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

There are also two settlements of the Chernyakhivska culture (III-IV c. A.D.) to the south of Yushki.

Collections of finds from Yushki are in National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv).

7.  Rzhyschiv

Kagarlyk  distict Kyiv region

Four Trypillia culture settlements are known near the town. The first was in 1,5 km to the north, near the restorative tourist complex on the cape of plateau, “Dolyna” tract (partly destroyed). Another settlement is in Ripnitsa tract, to the south of town. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

      Settlement in Khomin Lis tract is located near the road to Ulyanyki. Total area is 5 ha, approx. 140 different objects. Explored by M. Videiko in 1994. Remains of two houses and one pit were discovered. Here was found an interesting collection of clay figurines. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C.

            In 1900 V. Khvoika explored Trypillia settlement “on hills near Rzyshchiv”. According to published plan, this site was in 3-4 km to the south, on plateau near village Balyko-Schuchinka. Here V. Khvoika discovered near 40 objects – remains of temporary village. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. B.C. Local ancient people fished in the Dnipro river and hunted on its banks (it is the best place for fishing around Rzyshchiv present days). May be it was a seasonal site of people that lived in houses, explored at Khomin Lis tract .

Collections of finds from Rzyshchiv are in National museum of History of Ukraine (Kyiv) and Funds of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine.

8.  Grygorivka

Kaniv distict Cherkasy region.

Three sites of the Trypillia culture are known near this village. Settlement in Khatysche tract is located in 2 km to the north, on cape of plateau, near the road to Lukovytsa. Total are is about 2 ha. Remains of two houses and three pits were explored by M. Videiko in 1993. Ancient inhabitants of Khatysche lived in two-storied buildings, similar to buildings of Trypillia cities in Cherkasy region. Dated up to the first part of IV mil. BC

Two sites of Trypillia fishers and hunters were found on the bank of the Dnipro, in 0,2-1,5 km to the north of Grygorivka. First, in Ignatenkova Gora tract, was explored by M. Shmaglij in 1961 and M. Videiko in 1993. They discovered remains of few temporary earth-houses and traces of economical activity, connected with products of the Dnipro river and valley. V. Petrashenko explored another similar site, partly destroyed by inhabitants of the Kyiv Rus settlement, in Popove Pole tract. All Trypillia sites dated up to the first half of IV mil. B.C.

It is interesting, that these ancient settlements belonged to people of different Trypillia tribes. Settlement of Kaniv group in Khatysche appeared before sites of Kolomyjschina type on the bank of Dnipro.

There are situated fortified place of Scythians and two large Kyiv Rus settlements near Grigorivka village.

Collections of finds from archaeological digs near Crygorivka are kept in Funds of the Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine.

 

THE BLACK SEA LITTORAL

1.  Usatove

Usatove, Odessa region.

Complex that include ancient settlement, carved sanctuaries and cemeteries is located on a plateau of the high bank of Khadzhybey estuary, near Odessa. It was explored by M.Boltenko, O.Lagodovska, V..Zbenovych and by E.F. Patokova in XX c. There were excavated mounds with megalithic constructions and rich graves of the Early Bronze Age. There were found large copper daggers that were imported from Anatoliya. Dated up to the end of IV – beginning of III mil. B.C. It was one of the latest places, occupied by ancestors of Trypillia civilization.

Collection from Usatove is exhibited in Odessa Archaeological Museum.

2.  Mayaki

Mayaky, Odessa region

Settlement of Usatove - type is located in the northwestern suburbs of Mayaky village. It occupied a cape on the edge of a high terrace of the Dniester river. During archaeological digs V. Zbenovych has explored two ditches. Ditches were filled with layers of loam and charcoal, fragments of pottery, animal bones, and shells. Traces of fireplaces occur there at different layers. E. Patokova and V. Petrenko explored Usatove - type cemetery near the village. Settlement is dated up to the end of IV - beginning of III mil. B.C.

Collection from Mayaky cemeteries is exhibited in Odessa Archaeological Museum.

Kyiv, 20.03.2000

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